\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">穿过古道,走进寺庙。\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">在氤氲的香" />

一口气望懂中国寺庙的组织,这些你仔细过吗?

\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/195A12F6E8E8AAC261AE90A8BB060D7175140BEB_w640_h429.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">穿过古道,走进寺庙。\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">在氤氲的香炉面前,虔敬膜拜;\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">在幽淡的檀香味中,追求清净;\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">在缥缈的木鱼声里,搁浅纷扰。\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">当前千姿百态的佛像,\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">郑重,慈哀,安和,\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">让你的灵魂慢了下来。\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/3DE992CD9DBEA160332929167BDD20180CF27AD2_w600_h600.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/DB2AE98EAC3A0AC3EE1C5C865AC3879966A0FEA5_w640_h411.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/7E108364C1F0C691C48FF494EBA23A361C85DF55_w500_h750.jpg" />\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/F030CC70C8D5476E9C0464E651C2D0DD91170008_w600_h386.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/31484B6DB8D362576101463EE92605F1AF1C1995_w600_h366.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/1FD6853C223201DD13A2A413F533CDB96B36BA0A_w596_h288.jpg" />\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/070C22E3FA56F84BAB9E7E8408584C7D57236376_w500_h424.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">△ 汉传佛教寺庙组织图\u003c/p>\u003cp>山门\u003c/p>\u003cp>一入寺院,便是三门殿,也称“\u003cstrong>山门\u003c/strong>”。\u003c/p>\u003cp>寺院的大门,清淡都是三门并立,一大二幼,别离象征\u003cstrong>空门、无相门、无作门\u003c/strong>。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/ED5B36B9A07D66318DC751ABE8267B174DD9C8EC_w640_h426.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>昂始便见,内里供奉的是\u003cstrong>弥勒菩萨\u003c/strong>。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/8DE49C64677D0BBB4C0D046326D98644936A68FC_w640_h634.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>弥勒是释迦牟尼的接班人,但要等释迦牟尼寂灭后五十六亿七千万年后,才降临阳世,正式升为弥勒佛。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/E9DEC11A5E9F14114160F31D9CF6BFD149D9DE39_w600_h384.jpg" />\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/4224856E24FA7E906DF43C9BA1C7CA090D4DA222_w600_h289.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>弥勒菩萨就频繁被塑成:平易慈祥、满面乐容、豁达大度、坦胸露腹的慈喜欢形像,常被称为乐佛、喜悦佛、大肚弥勒佛。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/36A7F17400D08E489539852AF0057DFDA8579B3B_w640_h520.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>与弥勒菩萨背靠背的是\u003cstrong>韦驮菩萨\u003c/strong>。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/43D6FF8239F88A11D44668719F33B32B26C683C1_w600_h419.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>他是佛寺的守护神,为四天王座下三十二将之始,清淡\u003cstrong>身披铠甲,手持降魔杵\u003c/strong>。若双手相符十则代外迎接游方和尚投宿挂单,而单手拄杵则外示不迎接投宿挂单。\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/89B86BC7A30C3F2BAC2DA822D19FE2BBD641B69D_w600_h450.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/83FD6D9CEC6D81E66E134F63E11153BCFF11A344_w600_h399.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>天王殿\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/6FD95D96CF2F1BC9450CC1EC8B49719768971232_w580_h415.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/8EDAD5CF984D7F650795AEF6476DF86E229AEE10_w600_h380.jpg" />\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/90BDE71411634EF4EBFBFE24973D33D9CB9FC3E2_w600_h359.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>东方持国天王\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>尊身为白色,穿甲胄,尊手持宝慧琵琶,东尊王揽胜东胜神洲。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/00A66DF2B09E4B2F6FD9A0F0B0CE46183D71B6B8_w640_h853.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>南方添长天王\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>身像为青色,穿甲胄,手握慧剑,以珍惜正法不受侵袭,此尊王护持南瞻部洲。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/828D5BFD73C940CAA6BD5D9A0ACFD35DF032EC6E_w588_h888.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>西方广现在天王\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>天身红色,一壁二臂,现在圆而外凸,头戴龙盔,身穿铠甲,右手捉龙或蛇,左手托塔,此尊王护持西牛贺洲。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/61F4F4E26F68219E8A576BC1FE596C776DCACE42_w600_h760.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>北方多闻天王\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>身为绿色,穿甲胄,右持宝伞,左手卧神鼠。用以驯服魔多,护持多生资粮。此尊王守护北俱泸州。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/2AC8BE959EEB6C509BA392083CAE85A7C83B0CD5_w600_h901.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>大雄宝殿\u003c/p>\u003cp>在佛教寺院中,大雄宝殿是整座寺院的核心修建,也是僧多朝暮荟萃修持的地方。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/344C0CB40464D937E062D韩国日本一级猛片ABCC43AB809CD1B7_w640_h409.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/32AF484DDC90514D92C45ECA013B3383062CFBB4_w640_h402.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>大雄是佛的德号。大者,是包含万有的有趣;雄者,是摄伏群魔的有趣。而宝殿的“宝”,是指佛法僧三宝。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/B2087975D9477A4BDF6093D1C3DD283E7965BEBB_w640_h408.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/9AEA65E133BCC221E83BC3ACBEACED597E48011D_w600_h879.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>有的寺庙内里为三尊佛像,是释迦牟尼佛的三栽差别身。中间一尊是法身佛“\u003cstrong>毗卢遮那佛\u003c/strong>”,左边一尊是报身佛“\u003cstrong>卢弃那佛\u003c/strong>”,右边一尊是答身佛“\u003cstrong>释迦牟尼佛\u003c/strong>”。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/128DB913E5847928A2AF2EB2154949701A0EE7E0_w550_h367.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>“\u003cstrong>横三世佛\u003c/strong>”:代外中、东、西三方差别世界中的佛。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/E766FCC0B013FEB527A38B4D2338F4209991E2B6_w640_h291.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">\u003cstrong>中间一尊是婆娑世界的教主\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">\u003cstrong>释迦牟尼佛。\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/6D8AEA1EF7B305BDE4347DE8A531C1E748F1E443_w600_h414.jpg" />\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/BD9D949CEA0C450A38D85AE4A72F7DED4FB6CFDC_w600_h429.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>旁边随侍别离是\u003cstrong>文殊菩萨\u003c/strong>和\u003cstrong>普贤菩萨\u003c/strong>。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/DE6605D08C437A7E7D32401D8083D158A0C42113_w600_h389.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>文殊菩萨\u003c/strong>:右手持伶俐剑,左手持的莲花上安放般若,经骑乘狮子。比喻以伶俐利剑斩断懊丧,以狮吼威风震慑魔仇。答化道场为山西五台山。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/C71B9D1120D3D606B64BF0B4D664DA4E227DB31B_w600_h600.jpg" />\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/A01C64E61BB804E8E6F67EF10F89E19759E3954C_w600_h828.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>普贤菩萨\u003c/strong>:头戴五佛金冠,身披袈裟,手执写意,神态郑重,坐骑为六牙白象。答化道场为峨眉山。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/6171333C0D9FFC826B387B6FF9FD6B180669F91D_w640_h426.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/654E5EFB53293909EF2CEB902B40E7942E6E68CB_w600_h418.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">\u003cstrong>左边是东方琉璃世界的教主\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">\u003cstrong>药师佛。\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>佛像为螺发上形,尊左手持药壶,尊右手结施害怕印,尊身着宝佛衣,结跏趺坐于莲花宝台。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/40CB5FDA7D244362DE01460C01BE5F1E0868CEDD_w600_h621.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>其旁边随侍别离是\u003cstrong>日光菩萨\u003c/strong>和\u003cstrong>月光菩萨\u003c/strong>。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/3D3A16A358D30295B35B1FBAFF90E4197E78650F_w600_h545.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>日光菩萨\u003c/strong>:身呈赤红色,左掌安日轮,右手执蔓朱赤花。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/66ACA43DD5887A4F83AFE9252656DC9F803A4898_w600_h811.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>月光菩萨\u003c/strong>:其形像身为白色,左手为拳,安于腰,右手持莲华,其莲华上有半月形,乃以半月形为三形。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/5B3AFBC226F461BE0623F29BE85695125838790D_w600_h575.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">\u003cstrong>右边是西方极乐世界的教主\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">\u003cstrong>阿弥陀佛。\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>佛像倚坐,面部圆润丰满,身披袈裟,右手上举,左手置于膝头,双手质感剧烈,神态超然。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/D7C9EBC47E474818CAF94F1F7FC935BE37709803_w600_h402.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>其旁边随侍为\u003cstrong>不益看世音菩萨\u003c/strong>和\u003cstrong>大势至菩萨\u003c/strong>。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/94CD3F8827DFE582DF45FA63F987C497481B424B_w600_h552.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>不益看世音菩萨\u003c/strong>:\u003c/p>\u003cp>手执净瓶与杨枝,坐骑为金毛犼,外示菩萨普救阳世的普及哀走。常见的有四臂不益看音和千手不益看音等。答化道场为浙江普陀山。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/32A35B6805A37EF157C6C51DB9021E8685729ACF_w490_h675.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/55BCED5882F9D1391A77264621D8EDDD4FC4D404_w600_h901.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>大势至菩萨\u003c/strong>:\u003c/p>\u003cp>大势至菩萨头上的宝冠有定瓶为标志,手执莲花。举足走路时,会生出五百亿宝华。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/731F9BE71A32B0FEC20F076F22E81830FD43654F_w600_h600.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/FA257C207960DBBED926914F0FF27韩国日本一级猛片EECCD95A_w600_h741.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>清淡大殿两侧多奉有十八罗汉像。\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/D24D493D4648A978A5EE498C282119729C7B0858_w600_h193.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/B59AA5486C9CD8BED023A6A8A0D9CF189AEBBE91_w600_h600.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>地藏殿\u003c/p>\u003cp>地藏殿,供奉地藏菩萨。他的名号来历于“安忍不动似乎大地,静虑深密似乎宝藏”。答化道场为安徽九华山。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/69F03049F280A3B7C6845DADF1CE4E38C96A376F_w600_h806.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>他左手持宝珠右手执锡杖,或坐或立于莲华上。其坐骑为“倾听”,又称“独角兽”。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/C6F369D0087D4E1A57AFFBAA9E6DEEAE592C4F9A_w600_h378.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>伽蓝殿\u003c/p>\u003cp>伽蓝殿,大殿的东边配殿清淡是伽蓝殿。以伽蓝菩萨(关公)现象为代外。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/F7AFEF071D6F4AAA28E86FC26A508F5AA0FD71FD_w600_h713.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>祖师殿\u003c/p>\u003cp>祖师殿,在大殿西侧,以禅宗寺院最常见。供奉各宗派本身的初代祖师,或历代于本宗有发扬之功的先德。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/8A281F80EE53A495A0965107D8294CB84EDA68E9_w600_h864.jpg" />\u003c/p>
posted @ 2020-10-12 09:46 作者:admin  阅读:

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